Java Network Tutorial - IP addresses








Internet protocol uses the IP addresses to deliver packets.

We can use Java InetAddress class to work with IP address.

成年女人免费毛片视频-伊人aV 影 伊人網a V在線 V The following are the methods from InetAddress class.

static InetAddress[] getAllByName(String host)
static InetAddress getByAddress(byte[] addr)
static InetAddress getByAddress(String host, byte[] addr)
static InetAddress getByName(String host)
static InetAddress getLocalHost()
static InetAddress getLoopbackAddress()

The host argument refers to a computer name or an IP address. The addr argument refers to the parts of an IP address as a byte array.

If you specify an IPv4 address, addr must be a 4-element byte array.

成年女人免费毛片视频-伊人aV 影 伊人網a V在線 V For IPv6 addresses, it should be a 16-element byte array.

The InetAddress成年女人免费毛片视频-伊人aV 影 伊人網a V在線 V class can resolve the host name to an IP address using DNS.

成年女人免费毛片视频-伊人aV 影 伊人網a V在線 V For a host with multiple IP addresses.

The getAllByName() method returns all addresses as an array of InetAddress objects.





Example

The following code shows how to create InetAddress.

import java.net.InetAddress;
/*from ww  w  .ja va  2s . co m*/
public class Main {
  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // Print www.yahoo.com address details
    printAddressDetails("www.yahoo.com");

    // Print the loopback address details
    printAddressDetails(null);

    // Print the loopback address details using IPv6 format
    printAddressDetails("::1");
  }

  public static void printAddressDetails(String host) throws Exception {
    System.out.println("Host '" + host + "' details starts...");
    InetAddress addr = InetAddress.getByName(host);
    System.out.println("Host  IP  Address: " + addr.getHostAddress());
    System.out.println("Canonical  Host  Name: "
        + addr.getCanonicalHostName());

    int timeOutinMillis = 10000;
    System.out.println("isReachable(): "
        + addr.isReachable(timeOutinMillis));
    System.out.println("isLoopbackAddress(): " + addr.isLoopbackAddress());

  }
}

成年女人免费毛片视频-伊人aV 影 伊人網a V在線 VThe code above generates the following result.





Socket Address

成年女人免费毛片视频-伊人aV 影 伊人網a V在線 V A socket address has two parts, an IP address and a port number.

InetSocketAddress represents a socket address.

成年女人免费毛片视频-伊人aV 影 伊人網a V在線 V We can use the following constructors to create an object of the InetSocketAddress class:

InetSocketAddress(InetAddress addr,  int port)
InetSocketAddress(int port)
InetSocketAddress(String hostname, int port)

If a host name could not be resolved, the socket address will be unresolved, which can be checked using the isUnresolved() method.

To not resolve the address when creating its object, use the following factory method to create the socket address:

static InetSocketAddress createUnresolved(String  host,  int  port)

The getAddress() method returns an InetAddress object.

If a host name is not resolved, the getAddress() method returns null.

成年女人免费毛片视频-伊人aV 影 伊人網a V在線 V The following code shows how to create resolved and unresolved InetSocketAddress objects.

import java.net.InetSocketAddress;
/* w  w  w.  ja  v  a 2s .  c o m*/
public class Main {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    InetSocketAddress addr1 = new InetSocketAddress("::1", 12345);
    printSocketAddress(addr1);

    InetSocketAddress addr2 = InetSocketAddress.createUnresolved("::1",
        12881);
    printSocketAddress(addr2);
  }

  public static void printSocketAddress(InetSocketAddress sAddr) {
    System.out.println("Socket  Address: " + sAddr.getAddress());
    System.out.println("Socket Host  Name: " + sAddr.getHostName());
    System.out.println("Socket Port:  " + sAddr.getPort());
    System.out.println("isUnresolved(): " + sAddr.isUnresolved());
    System.out.println();
  }
}

The code above generates the following result.